War Bonds & War Chest Fund

Local residents were also encouraged to purchase war bonds and war saving certificates. These programs were designed to raise revenue from the general population to pay for the war effort. These bond certificates were so successful in producing funds, that in 1915, it generated 35 million pounds. Essential criteria for maintaining this influx, was advertising and to reiterate to the public what the boys were facing overseas.

Throughout 1915, maps of the Dardanelles were sold from the Campbelltown Newspaper Office. The manager of Bragg’s Pictures, B. S. Bragg, showed films at the Campbelltown Town Hall Theatre during the war. Similarly, pictures were displayed at Camden Star Pictures. These included news serials that contained information and footage of the boys in action.
The Camden News regularly printed issues with timelines of important events pertaining to the war, reminding readers of the mission of Britain and her allies.

In industrial war on such a scale proved rather costly. Funds to provide equipment, training and the transportation of men and war material to Europe and the Middle East had to be exponentially raised. The population of Australia and its many communities rallied to provide financial support through buying war loans, taxes, donations and contributing to the War Chest Fund. The War Chest collected valuable goods to pay and help supply the war effort. Items such as sheepskins and waistcoats, to gold and silver became hot commodities.

Citizens were enticed to donate gold jewellery and silverware to be melted down. Horses and mules were also desperately needed to supply transport and cavalry units. Given the harsh conditions of the outback, thousands of wild walers were rounded up for war service. However, the military also accepted donated and purchased horses. Local horse and cattle dealer W. Larkin sold many of his horses and those of Macarthur’s residents’ to the military. In August 1916, a buyer from the Defence Department came to Camden to acquire broken and unbroken mounts. Requirements were steep, strong hackneys and light active draughts between 4 and 10 years old, from 15 hands up were sold in droves.